The recognition of professional qualifications is of a major importance for the effective work of the fundamental freedoms of EU citizens on the internal market and for facilitating mobility within the EU.
In 2005, Directive 2005/36/EC on the recognition of professional qualifications was adopted, which consolidated into a single instrument all 15 existing directives up to that moment.
Directive 2005/36/EC applies to all citizens of Member States wishing to pursue a regulated profession in another Member State, other than that in which they obtained their professional qualification.
Currently in the EU a total of 4700 jobs grouped into 841 different categories based on their professional qualifications are regulated. The list of regulated professions is different for each Member State. To find out if your profession is regulated in another EU country, you can use the database of regulated professions at the following address:
Recognition of professional qualifications is recognition of the right to practice a particular profession. Recognition of professional qualifications is only required for regulated professions.
Regulated professions are those for access to or for the exercise of which one needs a professional qualification under the laws, regulations or administrative provisions of the host Member State.
Unregulated professions are those to which access is free, recognition of professional qualifications is not required and conditions to start practicing the profession in the host Member State are identical to those applicable to the citizens of that Member State.
Depending on whether you want to establish in another Member State or only temporarily to work in it, different requirements apply. When you will practice your profession temporary in another Member State, you are subject to more flexible rules than if you want to establish permanently.
In Bulgaria, the provisions of Directive 2005/36/EC have been introduced with the Law on Recognition of Professional Qualifications (LRPQ). Rules for the recognition of the right to pursue a regulated profession in Bulgaria are regulated in various normative acts pertaining to different professions from the list of regulated professions in the Republic of Bulgaria.
The definition of a regulated profession in the LRPQ states: Regulated profession is a professional activity or a group of professional activities included in the list of regulated professions in the Republic of Bulgaria, which is of public importance and/or is essential for people's life and health and access to which is subject to the laws, regulations or administrative provisions regarding:
а) possession of a specific professional qualifications, or
б) capacity, or
в) membership in a professional organization that works to maintain the high level in the professional field, for the implementation of which it has received special recognition by the state.
In the Republic of Bulgaria, regulated professions are 80 in number and are defined in the list of regulated professions, which is adopted by Decision of the Council of Ministers.
For more information on the recognition of professional qualifications and regulated professions, contact the National Centre for Information and Documentation (NACID), which acts as the contact point regarding Art. 57 of Directive 2005/36/EC on the recognition of professional qualifications.
NACID is also the competent authority for the issuance of certificates of professional qualifications in regulated professions in the Republic of Bulgaria needed for access to or for pursuit of a regulated profession in another country.
National Centre for Information and Documentation (NACID)
Ordinance on the conditions and procedures for issuing certificates related to professional qualifications acquired in the Republic of Bulgaria, needed for access to or pursuing of a regulated profession in another Member State